2017, Vol. 2, Issue 2
Biomechanical and technological knowledge: Integral part of sports science
Author(s): Dr. Devender Singh Parmar and Shashank Rathore
Sports biomechanics is the sport science field that applies the laws of mechanics and physics to human performance, in order to gain a greater understanding of performance in athletic events through modeling, simulation and measurement. It is also necessary to have a good understanding of the application of physics to sport, as physical principles such as motion, resistance, momentum and friction play a part in most sporting events. Biomechanics is a diverse interdisciplinary field, with branches in Zoology, Botany, Physical Anthropology, Orthopedics, Bioengineering and Human Performance. The general role of biomechanics is to understand the mechanical cause effect relationships that determine the motions of living organisms. In relation to sport, biomechanics contributes to the description, explanation, and prediction of the mechanical aspects of human exercise, sport and play. The laws of mechanics are applied to human movement in order to gain a greater understanding of athletic performance and to reduce sport injuries. Biomechanics in sports can be stated as the muscular, joint and skeletal actions of the body during the execution of a given task, skill or techniques. Proper understanding of biomechanics relating to sports kill has the greatest implications on sport's performance, rehabilitation and injury prevention, along with sport mastery. The ability to teach the basic skills, techniques of a sports/games or physical activities mainly depends on their knowledge of the effects that they are trying to produce and of the forces that cause these effects. The importance knowledge of bio-mechanics to a coach depends to a certain extent on the sport involved and techniques play a significant role in total performance e.g. Gymnastics, Football, Basketball, Swimming, Tennis and Cricket etc. The coach on the other hand, works at increasingly more advanced levels and hence is concerned not only with broad fundamentals but also with precise details. As the level of performance increases, so the coach needs at ho rough knowledge of biomechanics where techniques play a very important role. Therefore, the knowledge of sports biomechanics is very essential for coaches to raise the level of performance of their athletes/trainees. The biomechanical analyses enable the athletes and coaches to acquire a clear picture regarding the performance. This will provide virtual feedback so that error identification enhances and thus reduce the wastage of energy which allows the maximum conversion of all the desired performance and activity.
Pages: 976-979 | 397 Views 5 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Devender Singh Parmar and Shashank Rathore. Biomechanical and technological knowledge: Integral part of sports science. International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education. 2017; 2(2): 976-979.