2020, Vol. 5, Issue 1
Gender differences in dietary and exercise patterns among young adults in an urban area of Maharashtra
Author(s): Sherwin Carvalho, Srabani Bhattacharya and Sundaram Kartikeyan
This cross-sectional comparative study was conducted on 304 young adults (135 females: 44.40% and 169 males: 55.60%) to determine their dietary and physical activity patterns. After obtaining their written informed consent, the participants were administered a pre-tested validated questionnaire and their self-reported dietary and physical activity patterns were tabulated and analyzed.Significant gender differences were observed in self-reported eating under stress (Z=5.541; p<0.0001), non-consumption or rare consumption of leafy vegetables (Z=3.065; p=0.002); eggs (Z=6.873; p<0.0001); fish/sea foods (Z=6.261; p<0.0001); meat products (Z=4.979; p<0.0001); branded snacks (Z=5.009; p<0.0001); Vada pav, Samosa, Kachori (Z=2.879; p=0.003); carbonated beverages (Z=2.219; p=0.033); food cooked in ghee/butter (Z=2.125; p=0.033); additional sugar intake (Z=1.999; p=0.045); pattern of physical exercise (Z=3.675; p=0.0002) and approximate duration of exercise (Z=2.695; p=0.006). The gender difference in the mean sitting time was not significant (Z=1.338; p=0.180). Mass awareness campaigns will be required for bring about changes in dietary and physical activity patterns.
Pages: 128-131 | 161 Views 18 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Sherwin Carvalho, Srabani Bhattacharya and Sundaram Kartikeyan. Gender differences in dietary and exercise patterns among young adults in an urban area of Maharashtra. International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education. 2020; 5(1): 128-131.