The incidence of type 2 diabetes is increasing with the increase in age, physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyle. Main treatment goals of type 2 diabetes are maintenance of good metabolic control, prevention of complications, improvement of psychological health and quality of life.
To compare the Physiological effects of brisk walking, yoga and non-walking among type 2 diabetic patients.
Material and Methods: Out of 120 patients 45 agreed for brisk walking, 40 agreed for non-walking and 35 agreed for yoga practice. All the patients were matched for metabolic parameters and anthropometry. Brisk walking protocol for brisk walking group, Yoga protocol for yoga group was followed and Non walking group were asked to do their routine activity. The metabolic parameters like FBS, PPBS, HbA1c, Serum Lipid profile and anthropometric measurements like weight, waist hip ratio, waist circumference, BMI were recorded before & after 3 months. Collected data was analysed using smiths statistical software version 2.8 with t-test & ANOVA, p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: It was found that the brisk walking and yoga exercises had significant beneficial effects in improving the metabolic parameters like FBS, PPBS, HbA1c, TC, Triglycerides, HDL, LDL with p< 0.05 and also improving the anthropometric measurements weight, waist hip ratio, waist circumference, BMI with p< 0.05. Non walking group did not have any improvement in either metabolic or anthropometric parameters.
Conclusion: Brisk walking and yoga exercises have significant physiological benefits in improving the metabolic parameters and anthropometric measurements among type 2 diabetic patients.