2017, Vol. 2, Issue 2
Blood doping in sports: A review
Once any starting gun is fired at an Olympic event, every split second counts to the elite athletes. And that’s where blood doping come in, Particularly in endurance sports. Blood doping has recently become an integral part of elite and recreational sports. Several potential methods of blood doping have developed over the past few decades. The traditional of blood doping in modern history dates back to 1960’s when a four times winner of the Tour de France cyclist was alleged with blood doping. Blood doping is defined by the world Anti doping association (WADA) as the misuse of certain techniques and/or substances to increase an athlete’s red blood cell. This increase in Red Blood cell mass allows the body to transport more O2 to the muscles which improves stamina. It becomes a common tool in endurance sports by the Italian, Americans, Russian, East-Germans and Finns. In fact blood transfusions become wide spread in elite endurance sports like - Marathon, Cycling particularly during 1980 to 1984 Olympic Games. There are no. of side effects occurred as a result of blood doping like kidney damage from allergic reaction, blood clots, transmission of infection disease like HIV, Hypertension, Viral Hepatitis and AIDS. It also effected mental, emotional of human being like - emotional breakdown, unusual behavior, leads to mental anorexia. Now a days there are number of blood doping techniques which are adopted by athletes which is a challenge in sports world. However it over duty to fight against blood doping and circulate prevention material, disadvantage, conduct awareness program in the country so that they can save own self of the punch of doping.
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How to cite this article:
Mahipal. Blood doping in sports: A review. Int J Physiol Nutr Phys Educ 2017;2(2):833-836.