2017, Vol. 2, Issue 2
Diabetes mellitus (Ziabetus shakari) in light of Greco-arabic medicine
Author(s): Abdul Khalique and Md Wasi Akhtar
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder with multiple etiologies, characterized by chronic hyperglycemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. It is a major challenge of 21st century health and development. It is not a new disease but very well known to Greco-Arab Physicians. They have mentioned this disease with its main symptom i.e. frequency of micturition soon after taking fluid. It has been described by various Greek vernaculars and synonyms of diabetes like “Ziabetus”, “Ziasqomus” and “Qaramees” and also by different Arabic vernacular like “Dolab” (water wheel) and “Zalaqul kulya”. Greco-Arab physicians proposed the sole cause of Diabetes as Sue Mizaj Haar of Kulya (deranged hot temperament of kidney). In this syndrome patients develop excessive thirst, excessive micturition, nocturia, malaise, fatigue, loss of weight, vaginitis, balanitis, cramps in lower extremities, numbness in hands and feet, physical, mental and sexual weakness and suffers from boils, abscesses, gangrene and complains sweetness of urine. All these symptoms were well known to them and they have managed it by different treatment modalities as well. The present review gives detailed consideration of Greco-Arab physicians of that time about different aspects of this syndrome.
Pages: 179-183 | 619 Views 11 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Abdul Khalique, Md Wasi Akhtar. Diabetes mellitus (Ziabetus shakari) in light of Greco-arabic medicine. Int J Physiol Nutr Phys Educ 2017;2(2):179-183.