Construction and standardization of sports anxiety questionnaire
Author(s): Dr. Anju Lata Dviwedi and Rani Devi
Abstract: This study describes the process of developing and validating a multidimensional Sports Anxiety Questionnaire for the north India sports population. The study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase, 96 test items were prepared and content validated. After consultations with the subject experts these were reduced from 96 to 39, data collected from 150 students were used to provide evidence for validity and reliability of the structure and its underlying dimensions. A five-dimensional structure emerged: Anxiety management, Uncertainty, Congnitive and somatic factor, Environmental factor and Self-doubts. In the second phase, data collected from 1500 sports students were used to confirm five-factor structure of the 39-item SAQ. The Cronbach's Alpha coefficients for the dimensions ranged from .880, demonstrating a satisfactory level of reliability. Further validation studies were also conducted and their findings provided. This validated scale will be a useful tool for both researchers and instructors to assess players' sports anxiety.