Abstract:Aim and Objective:
The purpose of the study was to investigate the selected ex-sportsmen of 31-40 years and 41-50 years age group, belonging to different sports backgrounds for analyzing their physical, physiological and health related adaptations to age.
Method: The study was conducted on 150 subjects from northern plain region of India and was based on purposive sampling technique. Body composition, Physiological and health related data were collected by sophisticated body composition analyzer machine and by specially designed questionnaires, previously pretested and validated.
Results: For Fat percentage: Significant difference exist between team games1 and high concentration games1 (MD = 3.23); whereas no significant difference was computed between rest of the sports categories in 31-40 and 41-50 years age group of ex-sportsmen.
For muscle percentage: There is a significant difference between team games1 and high concentration games1 (MD=1.64), team games1 and team games2 (MD=2.42), team games1 and combative games2 (MD=2.27), team games1 and high concentration games2 (MD=2.06), combative games1 and team games2 (MD=1.84), combative games1 and combative games2 (MD=1.69); whereas no significant difference was computed between rest of the sports categories in 31-40 and 41-50 years age group of ex-sportsmen.
Conclusion: For Fat Percentage: Team games sports have shown better fat percentage in 31-40 and 41-50 years age group with a mean value of 23.77 and 30.0 respectively. On the basis of findings teams games can be selected, utilized and programmed for maintaining healthier body composition in terms of fat percentage.
For Muscle Percentage: Team games (31-40 years) and High concentration games (41-50 years) have shown better muscle percentage with a mean value of 32.42 and 30.35 respectively. On the basis of findings it is predicted that on aging from 31 to 40 years there would be an average decline of 2.07 percentage muscles. In 41-50 years age group along with high concentration games, team game and combative game also have shown almost similar muscle percentage with minute decimal level differences.