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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education

Impact Factor: RJIF 5.43

ISSN: 2456-0057

International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education

2018, Vol. 3, Issue 1
Adequacy of diet with respect to vitamin status of Indian paramilitary soldiers
Author(s): Annu Vats, Vishwendra Vikram Singh, Vijay Kumar Singh, Saroj Kumar Verma and Som Nath Singh
Abstract:
Paramilitary forces of India are involved in country’s internal and border security during peace time. Nutritional adequacy is important for security personnel to maintain optimal health. Increased physical activity increases requirement of protective nutrients like vitamins and minerals. The present study was conducted on 100 participants from a BSF unit deployed in hot humid riverine frontier for a period of three months. Energy intake was 3500 kcal/d calculated from their 24-hour dietary recall and energy expenditure was 3348 kcal/d recorded using Actical® activity monitors. Vitamin concentrations in food, plasma and urine samples were analyzed using Reverse phase-HPLC (RP-HPLC). Vitamin concentrations in plasma samples of moderately active participants was changed significantly (p<0.05) during three months follow-up. Dietary vitamin intake of participants was more than the RDA. Percentage of urinary excretion of vitamin did not change in pre and post samples. To conclude our study, although the vitamin levels changed significantly with moderate physical activities, the levels were upheld in normal physiological range due to the sufficient dietary intake.
Paramilitary forces of India are involved in country’s internal and border security during peace time. Nutritional adequacy is important for security personnel to maintain optimal health. Increased physical activity increases requirement of protective nutrients like vitamins and minerals. The present study was conducted on 100 participants from a BSF unit deployed in hot humid riverine frontier for a period of three months. Energy intake was 3500 kcal/d calculated from their 24-hour dietary recall and energy expenditure was 3348 kcal/d recorded using Actical® activity monitors. Vitamin concentrations in food, plasma and urine samples were analyzed using Reverse phase-HPLC (RP-HPLC). Vitamin concentrations in plasma samples of moderately active participants was changed significantly (p<0.05) during three months follow-up. Dietary vitamin intake of participants was more than the RDA. Percentage of urinary excretion of vitamin did not change in pre and post samples. To conclude our study, although the vitamin levels changed significantly with moderate physical activities, the levels were upheld in normal physiological range due to the sufficient dietary intake.
Pages: 1227-1233  |  286 Views  25 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Annu Vats, Vishwendra Vikram Singh, Vijay Kumar Singh, Saroj Kumar Verma, Som Nath Singh. Adequacy of diet with respect to vitamin status of Indian paramilitary soldiers. Int J Physiol Nutr Phys Educ 2018;3(1):1227-1233.
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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education