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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education

Impact Factor: RJIF 5.43

ISSN: 2456-0057

International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education

2018, Vol. 3, Issue 1
Doping manance in present day & games
Author(s): Lakhwinder Singh
Abstract:
Doping may be defined as the use of chemical substances, foreign to the body, to improve athletic performance. Doping is the use of substances or the employment of means in an attempt to augment artificially their performance of an athlete during either participation or preparation. The process was perfected after the invention of gas chromatography-mass spectrometric method and used for the analysis of anabolic steroids. Till that time a number of Dope testing laboratories have come up all over the world. To create awareness among athletes not to use any type of doping methods. In long run the athletes suffers from many types of diseases and deformities. Methods for the prevention of doping fall into three broad categories, - control by governmental or inter-governmental legislation, and regulation by athletic association and gentle persuasion. The testing of the urine of winners is required. A list of prohibited drugs should be distributed to all team physicians before the competition, and in the medical centre at the competition site and the drugs are marked with a special colour coding. Any athlete caught using these drugs must be disqualified. Classes of substances banned by: Prohibited Doping Classes of substances 1.Stimulants 2.Narcotic analgesics 3.Anabolic agents 4.Diuretics 5. Peptide Hormones, 6. Mimetic and Analogues. Prohibited Doping: 1.Blood Doping 2. Administering 3. Artificial Oxygen Carriers and expanders 4. Pharmacological, chemical and physical manipulation. Classes of drugs subject to certain restrictions.1. Alcohol 2.Beta Blockers 3. Glucocorticosteroids 4.Local Anesthetics 5. Cannabinoids 6.Other Substances. Blood transfusion is the intravenous administration of red blood cells or related blood products that contain red blood cells. It causes infections of the blood. Blood doping leads to intravascular blood clotting. When attempted by an untrained and physician it leads to mismatch blood transfusion. Objective education and information should be provided not only to athletes but to all of society (parents, educators, officials, the general public etc.). To this end, it is necessary to Inform athletes, officials and the public about the nature of the problem, the rights and obligations of the actors concerned. This could be done through educational workshops. Include doping and its semiology in the compulsory curriculum of medical schools.
Pages: 1992-1993  |  285 Views  6 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Lakhwinder Singh. Doping manance in present day & games. Int J Physiol Nutr Phys Educ 2018;3(1):1992-1993.
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