The Unani philosophers described the nutrition, growth and reproductive functions under the head of Afaal-e-Tabiyah, governed by Quwwat-e-Tabiyah (natural faculty) and it is more operational for the anabolic functions. The nutritive functions under this faculty are carried out specifically by the Quwwat-e- Ghaziyah (nutritive faculty) which is subserved by four faculties viz., Quwwat-e-Jazibah (absorptive faculty), Quwwat-e-Masika (retentive faculty), Quwwat-e-Hazima (transformative faculty), Quwwat-e-Dafi’a (eliminative faculty). These four powers are present in each and every cell of the body, mediated through different temperamental qualities. Most of the metabolic disorders result from the malfunctioning of serving powers of Quwwat-e-gaziyah.
Aim: The present review aims at analyzing the concept of Quwwat-e-Jazibah (absorptive faculty) in various aspects as per the classics of Unani Medicine and the diseases caused by immoderation of this faculty, which can be applied in both preventive and therapeutic purpose.
Materials & Methods: The present literary review is based on the references available in the basic Unani classics & relevant modern texts.
Conclusion: The study concludes that the understanding of concepts of absorptive faculty can be helpful in determining various medical conditions in clinical practice and specially of chronic metabolic disorders, like malabsorption syndrome, diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, hemochromatosis etc.