Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of yogic training and aerobic training on selected Physical and physiological variables among athletes.
Methods: For this study 45 athletes were randomly selected as subjects between the age group of 16-18 years from come and play scheme, Kolkata India. The selected subjects were randomly divided into three equal groups of 15 each, namely yogic practice group (group A), aerobic practice group (group B) and control group (group C). The experimental group had undergone yogic practice and aerobic exercise for eight weeks, five days a week and daily one session only in the morning, duration of session one hour, whereas the control group (group C) maintained their daily routine activities and no special training was given. Physical variable namely flexibility and physiological variable breath holding time were chosen as variables for this study. The subjects of the three groups were tested using standardized tests and procedures on selected physical and physiological variables before and after the training period. The following test items namely sit and reach and breath holding time were used to collect relevant data.
Statistical Analysis: The Analysis of covariance was used for as statistical technique. The level of significance was set as 0.05. Further to see the significance of difference between group means and least significant difference (LSD) Post Hoc test of significance were applied.
Results: The result shows that there was no difference in all the three groups before training but significant differences were found in the two groups after the training. Yogic practice group and aerobic practice group show significant improvement on selected Physical and Physiological variables compared to control groups. These improvements occurred because of planned systematic training. When compared to yogic practice group and aerobic practice group, mean difference showed that significant improvement in yogic practice group on flexibility (1.45) than aerobic exercise group. It was also found that significant improvement in aerobic practice group on Breath holding time (0.90) than yogic practice group.