Background: Premenstrual symptoms refer to physical and emotional symptoms that occur in the one to two weeks before a woman’s period. The symptoms are various such as fluid retention, mood changes, depression, weight gain, breathlessness, headaches, etc. The exact cause of PMS is unknown, but it is thought to be related to hormonal imbalances.
Objective: The objective of present study was to assess the effect of yoga training intervention on pre-menstrual symptoms.
Methods: Forty females, aged 28 – 40 years, with menstrual irregularities and examined by gynecologist for their physical health and medication status were randomly assigned into two equal groups, viz., one experimental group (Group A N1= 20) and one control group (Group B, N2 = 20). Information on menstrual irregularity was collected through the rating scale. Participants were asked to provide information on 12 different items by responding to yes or no answer. The experimental group received yoga training 1 hour/day for total period of three months whereas, the control group did not participate in the yoga training schedule.
Results: The menstruation problems of the experimental group remained in a steady state (p>0/05), whereas such problems were increasingly evident among the subjects of the control group (p<0.01). The results of comparative difference in menstrual disorders among participants in experimental and control group revealed that the subjects of experimental group could maintain a steady state in menstrual cycle, whereas the control group showed an increased state of menstrual irregularity (p<0.01).
Conclusion: Yoga training was found effective for controlling further progression of the problems caused by menstruation irregularities. The schedule of Yoga training intervention is found effective for the women who have problems associated with irregular menstruation.