2019, Vol. 4, Issue 1
Upper respiratory tract infection and evidence based medicine- A Review
Author(s): Dr. Mohammad Haneef Hanamsagar and Dr. Arish MK Sherwani
Upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) occurs commonly in both children and adults and is a major cause of mild morbidity. A variety of viruses and bacteria can cause upper respiratory tract infections. The most common bacterial agents causing sinusitis are S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, M. catarrhalis, S. aureus and S. pyogenes. Common cold continues to be a large burden on society, economically and socially which are caused by viruses. Upper respiratory tract infections including nasopharyngitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis and otitis media constitute 87.5% of the total episodes of respiratory infections. Cough, Sore throat, Runny nose, Nasal congestion, Headache, Low-grade fever, Sneezing, Malaise and Myalgias are common clinical manifestation of URTIs. Most URTIs are self-managed. Amoxycillin is antibacterial of choice. The alternative medications include oral cephalosporins (cefaclor, cephalexin), amoxicillin or macrolides, anti-histamines and acetaminophen. In this review article, we discuss the, epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation, diagnosis, management, Evidence Based Medicine
Pages: 1506-1508 | 190 Views 5 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Mohammad Haneef Hanamsagar, Dr. Arish MK Sherwani. Upper respiratory tract infection and evidence based medicine- A Review. Int J Physiol Nutr Phys Educ 2019;4(1):1506-1508.