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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education

Impact Factor: RJIF 5.43

ISSN: 2456-0057

International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education

2019, Vol. 4, Issue 1
Effects of progressive muscle relaxation technique, autogenic training and pranayama training program on competitive state anxiety
Author(s): Sudhir Malik, Dr. Baljinder Singh Bal and Dr. Amandeep Singh
Abstract:
Aim: The purpose of this study was to find out the significant effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique, Autogenic Training and Pranayama Training Program on "Competitive State Anxiety".
Background: Competitive anxiety should be viewed in two dimensions; trait and state anxiety. State anxiety may be conceptualized as a transitory emotional state or condition of human organism that varies in intensity and fluctuates overtime. This condition is characterized by subjective, consciously perceived feeling of tension, apprehension and activation of the autonomic nervous systems. It is an immediate or “right now” emotional response that can change from moment or situation to the next. Trait anxiety is ingrained in a person’s personality and the individual with this disorder tend to view the world as a dangerous and threatening place.
Methods: The present study appraises forty five (N=45) female subjects between the age group of 20 to 28 years. The subjects were chosen from the Department of Physical Education (Teaching) Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India. The subjects were further subjected to 8-week training (viz., n1= 15; Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique), (n2= 15; Autogenic Training) and (n3= 15; Pranayama Training).
Sampling: Purposive sampling, also known as (judgmental sampling), is a type of non-probability sampling technique were selected for the purpose of this investigation.
Statistical Analysis: The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26 was used for all analyses. The differences in the mean of each group for selected variable were tested for the significance of difference by Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA).
Results: Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) among “Between Groups” and “Within groups” depicted the insignificant difference with regard to the variable Sports Competitive Anxiety" among three experimental groups i.e., comprising of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Training, Autogenic Training and Pranayam Training since the P-value (Sig.) .900 was found greater than the 0.05 level of significance (p>0.05).

Pages: 352-354  |  47 Views  1 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Sudhir Malik, Dr. Baljinder Singh Bal, Dr. Amandeep Singh. Effects of progressive muscle relaxation technique, autogenic training and pranayama training program on competitive state anxiety. Int J Physiol Nutr Phys Educ 2019;4(1):352-354.
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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education