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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education

Impact Factor: RJIF 5.43

ISSN: 2456-0057

International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education

2020, Vol. 5, Issue 1
Awareness of osteoporosis among educated urban adults
Author(s): Srabani Bhattacharya, Ayesha Javed Hasan and Sundaram Kartikeyan
Abstract:
This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on of 357 educated individuals (150 females: 42.02% & 207 males: 57.98%), based in Mumbai metropolitan region, using online questionnaire. Significantly more males (Z=2.078; p=0.037) took calcium supplements and self-reported exposure to sunlight for more than one hour per day was significantly (Z=3.094; p=0.002) higher for males. As compared to males, fewer females reported consumption of tobacco (Z=5.133; p<0.0001) and alcohol (Z=4.280; p<0.0001). Significant gender differences were observed in frequency of physical exercise (Z=2.612; p=0.009) and in preference for type of physical exercise: walking (Z=2.044; p=0.041) and strength exercises (Z=6.262; p<0.0001). Significantly more female respondents reported family history of osteoporosis (Z=3.085; p=0.002) and co-morbid conditions (Z=3.228; p=0.001). The gender differences in awareness of osteoporosis were not significant. Community-based studies are necessary for creating awareness about osteoporosis and bring about early interventions, such as, calcium and vitamin D supplementation, and other lifestyle changes.
Pages: 161-164  |  108 Views  3 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Srabani Bhattacharya, Ayesha Javed Hasan, Sundaram Kartikeyan. Awareness of osteoporosis among educated urban adults. Int J Physiol Nutr Phys Educ 2020;5(1):161-164.
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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education