Plantar fascia acts as a truss, maintaining the medial longitudinal arch of foot & assists during gait cycle, facilitates shock absorption during weight bearing activities. Plantar fasciitis is a common musculoskeletal condition that present with heel pain. Many treatment options are available that demonstrate variable levels of efficacy. Conservative therapies include rest and avoidance of potentially aggravating activities, stretching and strengthening exercises. Previous studies have reported that stretching of the calf musculature and the plantar fascia are effective management strategies for plantar fasciitis. However, it is unclear whether Muscle energy technique and Ischemic compression also can improve the outcomes.
Aim & Objective: To find the effect of Muscle energy technique versus Ischemic compression on pain and disability in patients with plantar fasciitis.
Method: 30 participants were allocated to the Muscle energy technique (n=15) and Ischemic compression (n=15). Both group received conventional exercise. The treatment was given 10 sessions for 2 weeks and the readings were taken on VAS for pain and FFI for functional disability.
Result: While applying Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test within the group, in Group A (Muscle energy technique) and Group B (Ischemic compression). Both group showing significant improvement in post intervention (P<0.05). While applying Mann Whitney U test in-between groups Group A versus Group B there is no statistical difference in-between groups (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The study shows that both the Technique Muscle energy Technique and Ischemic compression were individually effective in improving the flexibility and strength. While comparing both the technique there is no significant difference present in between the groups.