Cerebrovascular accidents or stroke may occur either due to blood clots which impair blood flow to the brain or any trauma which ruptures the blood vessels causing leakage of blood around the brain. It can adversely disrupt the functioning of the limbs which in turn causes restriction of activity and participation in day to day life. Disability caused by stroke may persist lifelong if proper rehabilitative measures are not taken. However, it is unclear whether Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation and Mirror therapy also can improve the outcomes.
Aim and Objective: “comparison between the effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation versus mirror therapy enhancing gait and balance in paretic lower limb after acute stroke”- an experimental study.
Method: 30 participants were randomly allocated into two study groups. Group A - 15 patients were given Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation along with conventional treatment. Group B-15 patients were given Mirror therapy along with conventional treatment. The treatment was given 15 sessions for 3 weeks and two outcome measures were used. the readings were taken on dynamic gait index (gait) and berg balance scale (balance).
Result: Within group Paired T Test and between groups Unpaired T Test was done. Both groups showed significant improvement in DGI and BBS Within the groups. While we compare both groups there was significant difference in between the groups.
Conclusion: The study shows that both groups were individually effective in improving the gait and balance. Group A Proprioceptive Neuromuscular facilitation is more effective for enhancing gait and balance in paretic lower limb after acute Stroke.