2021, Vol. 6, Issue 2
Prevalence of restrictive changes in lungs due to air pollution in traffic police of Navsari: A cross sectional study
Author(s): Dr. Vikas M Dhimmar, Bhavesh K Pamnani, Swetal M Lakdawala, Apexa N Ahir and Varsha P Pawar
Background and purpose: The Respiratory system bears the direct brunt of pollutants in the inhaled air. The lungs are vulnerable due to their large surface area exposed to ventilation, thin respiratory membranes, and massive quantity of pulmonary blood flow. Inhalation of toxic substances in the inspired air can result in injury to airways including the terminal bronchioles, leading to acute and chronic respiratory diseases, exhibiting as a decrease in lung function. Method: The present study was conducted in Navsari, Gujarat. The study includes 158 traffic police who continuously exposed to automobile exhausts. The study was conducted over period of 6 months. Work experience of more than one year was required as inclusion criteria. Both male & female participated in this study. Results: The study was done among 158 traffic police personnel who have worked in Navsari city; from this 134 traffic police were included in our study according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. From this 134 policemen 73.8%male and 26.12%female Spirometry was done in all traffic police men, PFT result revealed 7% normal pattern, 55% restrictive pattern, 37% obstructive pattern. Conclusion: Present study was done at Navsari city among traffic police personnel to assess lung function; and we concluded that 55% of traffic police are suffering from restrictive lung disease, 37% obstructive and 7% normal. Which shows that they are more prone to have a restrictive lung disease. Spirometry was a good tool to assess lung function showing that air pollutants have a deleterious effect on lung function. So various recommendations were suggested to increase the lung age of traffic police personnel of Navsari city.
Pages: 70-73 | 568 Views 47 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Vikas M Dhimmar, Bhavesh K Pamnani, Swetal M Lakdawala, Apexa N Ahir, Varsha P Pawar. Prevalence of restrictive changes in lungs due to air pollution in traffic police of Navsari: A cross sectional study. Int J Physiol Nutr Phys Educ 2021;6(2):70-73.