2022, Vol. 7, Issue 2
Role of physical exercise in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Author(s): Dr. Sentu Mitra
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by excessive amounts of inattention, carelessness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that are pervasive, impairing in multiple contexts, and otherwise age-inappropriate. It is known that people with ADHD have specific strengths, as a result of their brain functioning difference. By using the positive effect of ADHD, many great persons with ADHD have excelled their life later. Though the exact cause of it is unknown but some factors like genetics, brain structure and function and problem during birth and other are thought to be responsible. After diagnosing ADHD via psychological and or physiological process, the management process should start immediately to counter this problem. Behavioral therapy, medications, diet, exercise etc. may boost up the treatment of ADHD. Exercise has been suggested as a safe and low-cost adjunctive therapy for ADHD and is reported to be accompanied by positive effects on several aspects of cognitive functions in the general child population. After analyzing the existing preliminary evidence it may be suggested that exercise can improve cognitive performance intimately linked to ADHD presentations in children with and without an ADHD diagnosis.
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