The Asian Games is a multidisciplinary sports event held once in every four year. The Asian game is also known as ‘Asiad’. This is the one of the biggest sporting event in Asia. This Asian Games, which symbolize the mutual equality and unity of Asian countries, is multinational sports events organized by member of Asian games federation and this games is recognised by the international Olympic committee. It is the second largest multi-sports event after the Olympic. In this event only Asian players can participate. The first ever Asian games were held in New Delhi (India) in 1951. The symbol for Asian games is a rising sun with interlocking rings. India is a founder member of Asian games and also host of the first Asian games. India is one of the seven countries to have participated in all the editions of the Asian games. India and Japan is the only country to have won at least one gold medal in every event of Asian games. India has always ranked in the top 10 in the medal tally in Asian games, expected in the 1990 games. Overall India has won a total 672 medals which include 155 gold, 201 silver and 316 bronze and at present India has ranked five in Asian games. The purpose of this study to analysis the performance and success rate of Indian athletes in every Asian Games from 1951 to 2018 and overall success rate of top five ranked countries in Asian Games till 2018 Asia games. Success rate is determined by calculating total number of Gold, Silver and Bronze medals secured by Indian athletes in every Asian Games and Total number of medals secured by top five ranked countries. The data was analysed by percentile statistics. The percentile was recorded with the total medals distributed in the Asian Games and total number of medals won by Indian athletes and total number of medals secured by top five ranked countries from 1951 to 2018. After collecting data the researcher analysis that the success rate of Indian athletes is different in every Asian games till 2018 and the overall success rate was found 4.39 till 2018 Asian games and also the success rate of top five ranked countries were found 20.86 (China), 19.99 (Japan), 14.63 (South korea), Iran (3.64), India (4.39). After analysing that the performance of Indian athletes and their success rate in every Asian game is not satisfactory excepted one or two games but overall success rate of Indian in Asian Games till 2018 is quite satisfactory because at Present India stand with fifth ranked in Asian Games. The study analysed that India need to improve in every sector in the field of games and sports like as development of infrastructure in every games and sports, scientific and systematic training programme, appointed new professional coaches, more stress on talent identification etc.