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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education

Impact Factor (RJIF): 5.48

ISSN: 2456-0057

2023, Vol. 8, Issue 2
Evolution of Yoga
Author(s): Dr. Arti Dhankhar and Dr. Rekha Sharma
Abstract:
The evolution of yoga, a spiritual and physical practice rooted in ancient India, has traversed a remarkable journey over thousands of years, shaping the way individuals perceive and engage with their bodies, minds, and spirits. This abstract explores the historical trajectory of yoga, elucidating its transformative evolution from ancient traditions to contemporary global acceptance.
Initially emerging in the Indus Valley around 5000 years ago, yoga was deeply embedded in the religious and cultural fabric of ancient India. It found mention in ancient texts like the Vedas and Upanishads, focusing on the unity of the individual with the cosmos. Classical yoga, as outlined by Patanjali in the Yoga Sutras, codified the practice around 200 BCE, emphasizing moral and ethical guidelines, physical postures (asanas), breath control (pranayama), and meditation techniques (dhyana).
Over centuries, yoga diversified into various schools and styles, including Hatha, Bhakti, Jnana, and Karma yoga, catering to different spiritual inclinations. However, it was in the late 19th and early 20th centuries that yoga gained international attention, partly due to the efforts of influential figures like Swami Vivekananda and Paramahansa Yogananda, who introduced yoga to the Western world. During this period, yoga underwent significant transformations, adapting to the needs and preferences of diverse cultures and individuals.
In the latter half of the 20th century and into the 21st century, yoga experienced a surge in popularity, becoming a mainstream practice globally. Modern yoga is characterized by a myriad of styles, ranging from traditional forms to contemporary adaptations like power yoga, hot yoga, and aerial yoga. Additionally, the scientific community has increasingly recognized the therapeutic benefits of yoga, leading to its integration into healthcare systems for managing various physical and mental health conditions.
This abstract explores the fusion of tradition and innovation in the evolution of yoga, highlighting its journey from ancient spiritual practice to a widely embraced holistic wellness system. It underscores how yoga continues to evolve, enriching the lives of millions by promoting physical health, mental well-being, and spiritual harmony in an ever-changing world.

Pages: 510-513  |  266 Views  133 Downloads


International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education
How to cite this article:
Dr. Arti Dhankhar, Dr. Rekha Sharma. Evolution of Yoga. Int J Physiol Nutr Phys Educ 2023;8(2):510-513. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/journalofsport.2023.v8.i2g.2846
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