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International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education

Impact Factor (RJIF): 5.48

ISSN: 2456-0057

2023, Vol. 8, Issue 2
The effect of using mutuality learning and comparative competition methods in learning the skills of throwing and receiving ball in the rhythmic gymnastics
Author(s): Dr. Gofran Mohamed Toama
Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to knowing the effects of using Mutuality learning and comparative competition methods in learning the skills of throwing and receiving the ball in rhythmic gymnastics, and identifying the preference of one of the methods in learning the skills of throwing and receiving the ball in rhythmic gymnastics. The researcher used the experimental method, by designing equal groups to suit the nature of the problem to be solved. The research sample was selected from the female students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - Wasit University for the academic season 2021-2022, the second stage. The total number of the research sample reached (60) female students from the second stage. They were tested intentionally using the lottery method, so that each individual in the sample was not proficient in the skills of sending or receiving. The sample was divided into three groups, each of which contained (15) female students. One of the most important results reached by the researcher is that: There were statistically significant differences between the pre- and post-tests in the three methods, which indicates the presence of an effect of different degrees in learning the throwing and receiving skills, and The tables indicate a general sequence of the effect of the three methods in learning the throwing and receiving skills, and they were, respectively, comparative competition in the first degree, Mutuality in the second degree, competitive, then the Imperative method. One of the most important recommendations recommended by the researchers is that: Necessity of applying the comparative competition method in colleges of physical education because it suits the nature of performance, where female students need to have competition and have fun while learning better, in addition to its meeting the ambition of this age stage in its eagerness to perform and achieve good learning, and necessary to fully focus on the accuracy of performance while learning using the comparative competition method, and to fully focus on the students’ acquisition of the skill before starting to learn.
Pages: 490-494  |  178 Views  68 Downloads


International Journal of Physiology, Nutrition and Physical Education
How to cite this article:
Dr. Gofran Mohamed Toama. The effect of using mutuality learning and comparative competition methods in learning the skills of throwing and receiving ball in the rhythmic gymnastics. Int J Physiol Nutr Phys Educ 2023;8(2):490-494. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/journalofsport.2023.v8.i2g.2842
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