Musculoskeletal disorders of the work place include the acute and chronic injuries or illness of soft tissues which are caused by mechanical stress, strain, sprain, vibration inflammation or irritation. These injuries and disorders that affects the human body’s movement or musculoskeletal system (Muscles, Nerves, Tendons, Ligaments etc). Most researcher agree that exposure to a combination of work place risk factor is a major contributor to these disorders. Studies of workers have associated these disorders with many work place physical and Psychological factors. Physical factors like Intense, Repeated or Sustained exertions, awkward sustained, extreme posture of the body. Insufficient recovery time, vibrations and cold temperature specific examples of work place, Time pressure, High work load, lack of support and poor supervisor relation. Aim of this Article is to give some knowledge about risk factors for masculoskeletal disorders. According to profession.
Method: Sample of 500 farmers of rural district age between 18-40 years were selected Nordic musculoskeletal questionare to measure the musculoskeletal disorders was given to all farmers.
Result: 52% Males and 48% Females was selected lower back pain (75%), knee pain (78%), Shoulder Pain (50%), Neck Pain (60%), Elbow (20%), Wrist Pain (30%) higher percentage of respondents indicated chronic affection nearly a year as compared to those who were affected for around a week.
Conclusion: Finding of present study shows that yearly Musculoskeletal disorders in farmers of rural India alarmingly high. About 60% Indian cultivators could be affected by the disease. Especially knees and lower back areas are most affected. Knees, Shoulder, Neck Pain are other important MSDs affected farmer in the study area. Observation made during the present study suggest that poor postures, lack of ergonomic arwareness in the farming community are the two main positive factors contributing to development of MSDs.